Pop Art embodied the spirit of the 1960s, carnival aspects, colour and grand scale it was immediate punchy and eye catching.
Pop Art was born in the late 50s in London, Popular Art as it was known was born when Artists from Royal College of Art became aware of advertisers manipulation of the public. This is post war Britain, with jobs and work, people with money to spend rather than the rationing of the war years, the first generation of post war Britain, and they were out to enjoy themselves.
A group of artists called The Independant Group held a exhibition in the Whitechapel Gallery London, artists including Peter Blake Richard Hamilton and David Hockney, using images of popular culture ,processed pulp and images drawn from advertising, making art the equivilant to Pop Music.
In the 1950s Eduardo Paolizzi was experimenting with collage, and the ideas to use processed adverts in art , aware of the infiltration of the American way of life happening in Britain.
Peter Blake was the man behind the Beatles Sergent Pepper album and David Hockney had taken himself in the London underground to paint.
Over the Atlantic in New York another band of artists were emerging , Andy warhol. Roy Lichtenstein and Claes Oldenburg.
Previous to this in the States the Abstract Expressionists Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko had been the super heros, Robert Rauchenberg and Jasper Johns were up and coming new artists Rauchenbergs art used found objects but Jasper Johns was using encaustic paint and I think one of his greatest pieces flags opened the door for Pop Art. Andy Warhol and his soup can are reminiscent , especially in colours used. Warhol also used collage and screenprints.
Pop Art opened the doors and led to Conceptual art Artists Jeff Koons and Sarah Lucas came from Pop Art
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