A number of related creative movements including Die Brucke
and Der Blaue Riter. First emerged in Germany pre WWI, and reached its peak in 1920s. This was a part of a larger Expressionist movement in North and Central Europe.
Theatre, Architecture, Music, Painting and Sculpture is also part of this movement.
German Expressionism in filmaking was probably the best known part of the movement. Unable to compete with what was the extravagent features of Hollywood productions the German UFA studios developed their own style by using symbolism and “mise en scene” to add mood and deeper meaning to a movie.
Best known film Nosferatu, a symphony of horror is an exceptional piece of expressionism, taking what the movement was about to show feeling and emotion and suggests the work is created by artist rendering their individual and personal perceptions of the subject.
Artists included in this movement …Max Beckmann. Otto Dix, George Grosz and Edvard Munch.
Max Beckmann 1814-1950 German painter,draftsman, printmaker,sculptor and writer was considered a “degenerate artist” by the Nazi regime and fled to Amsterdam in 1937. Beckmanns work titled Night was a response to the end of WWI , a general strike occured in Germany and the country became a place of political violence,chaos and famine. Great cruelty moved from the streets into the home and according to Beckmann Night and its purpose was to give “mankind a picture of their fate”.
Degenerate art was a derogatory title applied to anything modern. The Nazis restricted anything thought to be degenerate and banned the public from seeing these pieces of work.
Artist famous for his unique and grotesque style. Many of his works w
ere destroyed by the Nazi regime . Only after becoming a member of The Imperial Chamber of Fine Art was Dix and many others allowed to continue painting, and only if they conceded to paint non offensive landscape, rather than poltical subject. ” I did not paint war pictures in order to prevent war, I would never be so arrogant, I painted them to exorcise the experience of war. All art is is exorcism” Otto Dix