In using the direct additive technique of sculpture I have began to make a bust using the process of wet on wet plaster, I began with making an armature, to build my form, after sketching various members of family and class. I then  started to build up a portrait of my chosen image, my inspiration comes from Naum Gabo, and his ability to create form using geometric shape. I admire his use of angles and especially his refinement of the precisely defined planes, a refinement that  Gabo and Antonie Pesvner both capture respectively in such works as Constructed Head and Portrait of Marcel Duchamp.

My own work is still unfinished but I would like to create a mass of angles bearing a resemblance to the human head.  I hope my work will show the viewer a clear link to the artists that have inspired me.


nicola hicks

 Nicola Hicks  was born in London in 1960 studied at Chelsea Art College then gained her MA from Royal Art College. Her primary media are plaster and straw and uses direct additive process of wet on wet plaster. Her great nicola hicks flora   is her ability to capture the physicality and psychology of the the animal and human figures she creates.

Space Volume Mass Line Shape

Naum Gabo s constructed heads overwhelm the viewer with his abitily to create dynamic forces and defined planes giving a sensation of the organization of space. Tatlin portrays mass in his work especially Tatlins Tower and also stucture and form, the tower looks unstable and about to fall.  The line and form Nicola Hicks expresses in her sculptures are essentially realistic. Hicks draws with courage, he line is determined and strong, helping create mass and form.

Bill Woodrow

Woodrow is a British sculptor, he emerge in the 1970s.  His early work was made from found materials, scavenged from skips, scrapyards and dumps. Sometimes embedded with plaster to give a look of just unearthed or found. He went on to use large consumer goods such as fridges and cars,allowing the original piece to remain identifiable with the cut away piece still atatched to the original, giving it a look of being attatched but still comfortably  unattached. Similar to the umbical cord that keeps life and mother as one.

Bill Woodrow self portrait

Bill Woodrow self portrait


One of the most famous uses of armature in our history must be The Statue of Liberty.  Gustave Eiffel enginereed a structure for internal use, then copper was used to build this monumental structure

statue of liberty

statue of liberty

Naum Gabo

Constructivist sculptor and pioneer in Kinetic Art 1890-1977 trained as a doctor then as a natural scientist and finally as a engineer,while in Munich he discovered abstract art.   His early constructions were made of cardboard or wood then he later experimented with Kinetic Sculpture  “making inages to communicate my feelings to the world”. 

The essence of Gabos work, was the exporation of space, which he elieved could be done,without having to depict mass, he other concern was art needed to exist in 4 dimensions, including time. Gabo used time and space as construction elements and in the solid matter unfolds and becomes surreal and other worldly.  His sculptures initiate a connection between tangible and untangible, between what is simplistic and the unlimited possibilities of of the intuitive imagination.  He was innotive in his works, using a wide variety of materials includin plastics fishing line, bronze, sheets of perspex and sometimes used motors to move them.


Artistic and Architectural Movement in Russia from 1919 onward post WW1 particularly the Corner counter reliefs of Vladimir Tatlin.  The term itself was coined by sculptors Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo. These men developed an industrial, abstract, angular approach to their work.

Vladimir Tatlin, on a journey to Paris 1913 discovered Braque and Picasso,  back in Russsia he began producing sculptures out of Assemblages and abandoning any references to precise subjects or themes. These works marked the appearence of Constuctism, a term within the fields of painting and sculpture and especially conjoined artists and their art with machine production and architecture and the applied arts.

Tatlins Tower, the monument of the 3rd international was to be built from industrial materials Iron ,Glass, and Steel. With the materials used its function was to envisage a towering symbol of Modernity.

Tatlins Tower

Tatlins Tower

corner counter relief

corner counter relief